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Artist Biography

 Thomas Doughty was a pioneer of American landscape painting during a time when most artists could only make a living from portrait commissions. He is, in fact, considered to be one of the founders of the Hudson River School of landscape painting. Born in Philadelphia, Thomas Doughty was apprenticed to a leather merchant and worked as a leather currier in Philadelphia until 1820 when he abandoned the trade for the profession of landscape painting. A completely self-taught artist, Doughty quickly won critical acclaim for his serene landscapes of the rivers and mountains of Pennsylvania, New York, and New England.

He was elected a member of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1824, and of the National Academy of Design in 1827. Doughty lived in Philadelphia and Boston during the 1820s and thirties, traveling extensively in the northeast and occasionally to England in search of subjects and commissions. New York City became his permanent home in 1840, following a short residence Newburgh, New York, on the banks of the Hudson River. He was a prolific artist who exhibited frequently at the National Academy of Design in New York, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia, the Boston Athenaeum, Maryland Historical Society, and overseas at several British and French galleries.

The work of Thomas Doughty is held in numerous private and public collections such as the Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Georgia Museum of Art, University of Georgia, Athens; High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia; Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland; Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, Alabama; Gibbes Art Gallery, Charleston, South Carolina; Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio; Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio; Hood Museum of Art, Hanover, New Hampshire; Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri; Newark Museum, Newark, New Jersey; Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, Nebraska; Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.