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Artist Biography

Born in Bremen, Germany, Hermann Herzog began his art career at the Dusseldorf Academy in 1848 at the age of seventeen, under the tutelage of Johann Wilhelm Schirmer and Andreas Achenbach. Herzog was also a private student of Hans Frederick Gude, the illustrious Norwegian landscape painter who encouraged his students to travel to find both scenic beauty and artistic inspiration, preferably in the wilderness. In 1863, Herzog exhibited at the Paris Salon, where he went on to win a prize, and although still in Europe, he exhibited in the United States at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1863 to 1869. While in Paris, he came into contact with Corot and the Barbizon style of painting, adopting a more poetic handling of color and mood. His landscapes were celebrated for their variety of scenery and his financial security was ensured with patronage from Queen Victoria, the Grand Duke Alexander of Russia, Grand Duke of Oldenburg, and other royal and aristocratic benefactors.

As was his habit while in Europe, Herzog traveled extensively throughout America and took many sketching trips to New England, the Southeast, and the West. In 1871, he traveled up the Hudson River on a painting tour and in 1873, he took his first trip west to Yosemite, Wyoming, Oregon, and along the Pacific coast to Coronado Island, near the Mexican border. By this time Herzog was highly regarded for his variety of landscape scenes, especially his mountain views. He would eventually return to the West taking frequent trips in particular to California, Oregon, Wyoming, Utah and Colorado. His last expedition was made in 1905 at the age of seventy-five.

Herzog’s work is held in many fine private and public collections, including The White House, Washington, DC; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY; Brandywine River Museum, Chadds Forth, PA; Orlando Museum of Art, Orlando, FL; Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, MI; Heckscher Museum, Huntington, NY; Heckscher Museum, Huntington, NY; Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC; Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH; and the New York Public Library, New York, NY.